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Labor Supply Responses to Large Social Transfers: Longitudinal Evidence from South Africa

By Cally Ardington, Anne Case and Victoria Hosegood

American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, January 2009

We quantify the labor supply responses of prime-aged adults to the presence of pensioners in their households, using longitudinal data collected in South Africa. We compare households and individuals before and after pension receipt and pension loss, w...

Can the West Save Africa?

By William Easterly

Journal of Economic Literature, June 2009

In the new millennium, the Western aid effort toward Africa has surged due to writings by well-known economists, a celebrity mass advocacy campaign, and decisions by Western leaders to make Africa a major foreign policy priority. This survey contrasts ...

HIV/AIDS and Fertility

By Jane G. Fortson

American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, July 2009

This paper studies the response of fertility to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. I use repeated cross sections of the Demographic and Health Surveys for 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa to examine this question empirically. Using individu...

The Three Arab Worlds

By James E. Rauch and Scott Kostyshak

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer 2009

Given the attention currently focused on the Arab world in part as a result of adjustments in U.S. foreign policy, a fresh look at Arab socioeconomic performance is in order. The Arab world is defined by language rather than ethnicity. The League of Arab ...

Why Has Africa Grown Slowly?

[Symposium: Slow Growth in Africa]

By Paul Collier and Jan Willem Gunning

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer 1999

We distinguish between policy and "destiny" explanations of Africa's slow growth during the past three decades. Policies were poor: high export taxation and inefficient public service delivery, and "destiny" was adverse: landlocked, tropical locations, an...

Commodity Prices and Growth in Africa

[Symposium: Slow Growth in Africa]

By Angus Deaton

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer 1999

African states that came to independence by the late 1960s made a rapid transition to authoritarian rule during a period of reasonably robust growth. Growth then faltered badly from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s as these regimes coped with external shock...

Governance and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

[Symposium: Slow Growth in Africa]

By Benno J. Ndulu and Stephen A. O'Connell

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer 1999

Real income per head in much of sub-Saharan Africa grew rapidly in the 1960s, but faltered following the first OPEC oil price shock in 1973-74, and then stagnated or fell from the late 1970s to the early 1990s. Africa also saw a broad wave of authoritaria...

Health and Schooling Investments in Africa

[Symposium: Slow Growth in Africa]

By T. Paul Schultz

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer 1999

Intercountry comparisons show Africa's health and education falls short of other regions, controlling for income, women's educations, and urbanization, but growth regressions do not clarify whether this low human capital caused slow growth. Microeconometr...