This paper studies the response of fertility to the HIV/AIDS epidemic
in sub-Saharan Africa. I use repeated cross sections of the
Demographic and Health Surveys for 12 countries in sub-Saharan
Africa to examine this question empirically. Using individual birth
histories from these data, I construct estimates of the regional total
fertility rate over time. In a difference-in-differences approach, I
compare regional HIV prevalence to changes in total fertility rates
from the 1980s to the present. My results suggest that HIV/AIDS had
very little impact on fertility, both overall and in a sample of HIV-negative
women. (JEL I12, J13, O12)
Fortson, Jane G.
"HIV/AIDS and Fertility."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development