This paper examines the importance of network-based intergenerational
correlations in South Africa. I use longitudinal data
on young South Africans to examine the covariance of children's
employment with the usefulness of parents in their job search. I find
that fathers serve as useful network connections to their sons (not
daughters), and that mothers do not seem to be useful network connections.
The father-son effect is robust to alternate explanations
of specific human capital and correlated networks. The size of this
effect is large. Present fathers' utility as network connections may be
responsible for a one-third increase in their sons' employment rates.
(JEL D31, J12, J13, J24, J62, O15, Z13)
Magruder, Jeremy R.
"Intergenerational Networks, Unemployment, and Persistent Inequality in South Africa."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
Job, Occupational, and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification