Testing for Racial Differences in the Mental Ability of Young Children
- (pp. 981-1005)
AbstractUsing a new nationally representative dataset, we find minor differences in test outcomes between black and white infants that disappear with a limited set of controls. However, relative to whites, all other races lose substantial ground by age two. Combining our estimates with results in prior literature, we show that a simple model with assortative mating fits our data well, implying that differences in children's environments between racial groups can fully explain gaps in intelligence. If parental ability influences a child's test scores both genetically and through environment, then our findings are less informative and can be reconciled with a wide range of racial differences in inherited intelligence.
Citation2013. "Testing for Racial Differences in the Mental Ability of Young Children." American Economic Review, 103(2): 981-1005. DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.2.981
- I20 Education and Research Institutions: General
- J13 Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J15 Economics of Minorities, Races, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination