Showing 1-20 of 40 items.

Individual Preferences, Monetary Gambles, and Stock Market Participation: A Case for Narrow Framing

By Nicholas Barberis, Ming Huang and Richard H. Thaler

American Economic Review, September 2006

We argue that “narrow framing,” whereby an agent who is offered a new gamble evaluates that gamble in isolation, may be a more important feature of decisionmaking than previously realized. Our starting point is the evidence that people are often aver...

Heuristics and Biases in Retirement Savings Behavior

[Symposium: The Adequacy of Retirement Saving]

By Shlomo Benartzi and Richard Thaler

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer 2007

Standard economic theories of saving implicitly assume that households have the cognitive ability to solve the relevant optimization problem and the willpower to execute the optimal plan. Both of the implicit assumptions are suspect. Even among economists...

The Nominal Share Price Puzzle

By William C. Weld, Roni Michaely, Richard H. Thaler and Shlomo Benartzi

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Spring 2009

The average nominal share prices of common stocks traded on the New York Stock Exchange have remained constant at approximately $35 per share since the Great Depression as a result of stock splits. It is surprising that U.S. firms actively maintained cons...

From Homo Economicus to Homo Sapiens

[Symposium: Forecasts for the Future of Economics]

By Richard H. Thaler

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Winter 2000

In responding to a request for predictions about the future of economics, I predict that Homo Economicus will evolve into Homo Sapiens, or, more simply put, economics will become more related to human behavior. My specific predictions are that Homo Econom...

Anomalies: Risk Aversion

By Matthew Rabin and Richard H. Thaler

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Winter 2001

Economists ubiquitously employ a simple and elegant explanation for risk aversion: It derives from the concavity of the utility-of-wealth function within the expected-utility framework. We show that this explanation is not plausible in most applications, ...

Helping Consumers Know Themselves

By Emir Kamenica, Sendhil Mullainathan and Richard Thaler

American Economic Review, May 2011

Firms sometimes know more about a consumer's expected usage than the consumer herself. We explore the consequences of this reversal in the information asymmetry. We analyze the consequences of making consumers more informed about themselves. While making ...

Anomalies: The Equity Premium Puzzle

By Jeremy J. Siegel and Richard H. Thaler

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Winter 1997

The equity premium is the difference in returns between equities and fixed income securities, such as Treasury bills. The puzzle refers to the fact that the premium has historically been very large--about 6 percent per year--too large to be easily explain...

The Flypaper Effect

By James R. Hines and Richard H. Thaler

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Fall 1995

What happens to a state's spending when it receives an unconditional grant from the federal government? The standard theoretical analysis predicts that the increase in spending will be the same as that generated by an equivalent increase in local incomes-...

Annuitization Puzzles

[Symposium: After Retirement]

By Shlomo Benartzi, Alessandro Previtero and Richard H. Thaler

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Fall 2011

In his Nobel Prize acceptance speech given in 1985, Franco Modigliani drew attention to the "annuitization puzzle": that annuity contracts, other than pensions through group insurance, are extremely rare. Rational choice theory predicts that households w...

Anomalies: The January Effect

By Richard H. Thaler

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer 1987

This feature will report successful searches for disconfirming evidence -- economic anomalies. As suggested by Thomas Kuhn, an economic anomaly is a result inconsistent with the present economics paradigm. Economics is distinguished from other social scie...