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Enrollment without Learning: Teacher Effort, Knowledge, and Skill in Primary Schools in Africa

By Tessa Bold, Deon Filmer, Gayle Martin, Ezequiel Molina, Brian Stacy, Christophe Rockmore, Jakob Svensson, and Waly Wane

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Fall 2017

School enrollment has universally increased over the last 25 years in low-income countries. Enrolling in school, however, does not assure that children learn. A large share of children in low-income countries complete their primary education lacking even ...

Legal Origins and Female HIV

By Siwan Anderson

American Economic Review, June 2018

More than one-half of all people living with HIV are women, and 80 percent of all HIV-positive women in the world live in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper demonstrates that the legal origins of these formerly colonized countries significantly determine cu...