Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from US Counties
AbstractWe investigate the impact of a large and persistent economic shock on "deaths of despair." We find that areas more exposed to a plausibly exogenous change in international trade policy exhibit relative increases in fatal drug overdoses, specifically among whites. We show that these results are not driven by pre-existing trends in mortality rates, that the estimated relationships are robust to controls for state-level legislation pertaining to opioid availability and health care, and that the impact of the policy change on mortality coincides with a deterioration in labor market conditions and uptake of disability insurance.
CitationPierce, Justin R., and Peter K. Schott. 2020. "Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from US Counties." American Economic Review: Insights, 2 (1): 47-64. DOI: 10.1257/aeri.20180396
- F13 Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
- F16 Trade and Labor Market Interactions
- I12 Health Behavior
- R12 Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity