We show that during the Great Recession, more-flexible sectors paid lower sectoral bond spreads. We rationalize this fact with a model with input-output linkages, heterogeneous elasticities, and binding working capital constraints in the use of intermediates. We show that the difference in flexibility between upstream and downstream sectors is key for determining the role of input-output linkages in amplifying or mitigating distortions. Calibrating the model to the US economy, we find that our sectoral elasticity estimates amplify distortions by a factor of 1.7 compared to the Cobb-Douglas case, and generate an input-output multiplier 1.2 times the homogeneous elasticity case.
Miranda-Pinto, Jorge, and Eric R. Young.
"Flexibility and Frictions in Multisector Models."
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics,
Business Fluctuations; Cycles
Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
National Security and War
Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics: Industrial Structure and Structural Change; Industrial Price Indices