In Italian regions hit by earthquakes, homeowners typically receive public funds to finance reconstruction. While these funds are strictly tied to reconstruction work, they are in part disbursed up front, leading to significant variation in cash on hand. We exploit this variation to study the effects of liquidity on relatively wealthy households' consumption. We find a large and significant response in the first year that homeowners receive the cash and provide evidence that this response is driven by illiquid households with bank debt. Instead, we find no evidence that consumption responds to funds paid directly to firms, thus leaving households' liquidity unaffected.
Acconcia, Antonio, Giancarlo Corsetti, and Saverio Simonelli.
"Liquidity and Consumption: Evidence from Three Post-earthquake Reconstruction Programs in Italy."
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics,
Macroeconomics: Consumption; Saving; Wealth
Household Saving, Borrowing, Debt, and Wealth
State and Local Government: Other Expenditure Categories
Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming
Housing Supply and Markets