This paper studies the role of differences in the patterns of production and international trade on the business cycle volatility of emerging and developed economies. We study a multisector small open economy in which firms produce and trade commodities and manufactures. We estimate the model to match key cross-sectional and time-series differences across countries. Emerging economies run trade surpluses in commodities and trade deficits in manufactures, while sectoral trade flows are balanced in developed economies. We find that these differences amplify the response of emerging economies to commodity price fluctuations. We show evidence consistent with this mechanism using cross-country data.
Kohn, David, Fernando Leibovici, and Håkon Tretvoll.
"Trade in Commodities and Business Cycle Volatility."
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics,
Business Fluctuations; Cycles
Empirical Studies of Trade
Open Economy Macroeconomics
International Business Cycles