This paper examines foreign exchange intervention based on novel daily data covering 33 countries from 1995 to 2011. We find that intervention is widely used and an effective policy tool, with a success rate in excess of 80 percent under some criteria. The policy works well in terms of smoothing the path of exchange rates, and in stabilizing the exchange rate in countries with narrow band regimes. Moving the level of the exchange rate in flexible regimes requires that some conditions are met, including the use of large volumes and that intervention is made public and supported via communication.
Fratzscher, Marcel, Oliver Gloede, Lukas Menkhoff, Lucio Sarno, and Tobias Stöhr.
"When Is Foreign Exchange Intervention Effective? Evidence from 33 Countries."
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics,
Central Banks and Their Policies
International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
Development Planning and Policy: Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy