We document substantial within-country (cross-municipality) differences
in incomes for a large number of countries in the Americas. A significant fraction of the within-country differences cannot be explained by observed human capital. We conjecture that the sources of within-country and between-country differences are related. As a first step toward a unified framework, we propose a simple model incorporating differences in technological know-how across countries
and differences in productive efficiency within countries. (JEL E23, I31, J31, O15, O18, O47, R23)
Acemoglu, Daron, and Melissa Dell.
"Productivity Differences between and within Countries."
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics,
Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses; Transportation
Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics