We develop comprehensive measures of time spent in market work,
home production, schooling, and leisure in the United States for the
last 106 years. We find that hours of work for prime age individuals
are essentially unchanged, with the rise in women's hours fully compensating
for the decline in men's hours. Hours worked by those 14
to 24 years old have declined noticeably, but most of this decline was
offset by a rise in hours spent in school. Overall, per capita leisure
and average annual lifetime leisure increased by only four or five
hours per week during the last 100 years. (JEL D13, J16, J22)
Ramey, Valerie A., and Neville Francis.
"A Century of Work and Leisure."
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics,
Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Time Allocation and Labor Supply