Systems Competition and Network Effects
AbstractThis paper discusses firm behavior, market performance, and the public and private institutions that arise in systems markets, i.e., markets where consumers use compatible components together to generate benefits. In such markets, which include communications networks and 'hardware/software' networks, popular products are inherently more valuable. These 'network effects' can drive corporate strategies and are critical in understanding innovation in many high-technology markets. The discussion here emphasizes the dynamics of consumer adoption decisions in the presence of network effects, competition between incompatible systems, and how suppliers choose which components are compatible and which are not.
CitationKatz, Michael L., and Carl Shapiro. 1994. "Systems Competition and Network Effects." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 8 (2): 93-115. DOI: 10.1257/jep.8.2.93
- L11 Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
- L23 Organization of Production
- L51 Economics of Regulation
- L13 Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets