The Economics of Temporary Migrations
Journal of Economic Literature
no. 1, March 2016
Many migrations are temporary -- a fact that has often been ignored in the economic literature on migration. Such omission may be serious in that expected migration temporariness can impart a distinct dynamic element to immigrants' economic behavior, generating possible consequences for nonmigrants in both home and host countries. In this paper, we provide a thorough examination of the various aspects of temporary migrations that matter for the analysis of economic phenomena. We demonstrate the extent of temporary migrations in population movements. We show how temporariness can affect the various economic choices and how better data have improved both the measurement of nonpermanent migrations and the analyses of various aspects of migrant behavior. We propose a general theoretical framework for modeling temporary migration decisions, based on which we outline the various motives for temporariness while simultaneously reviewing related literature and available data sources. We discuss the possible consequences of migration temporariness for nonmigrants in both home and host countries. (JEL F22, F24, J11, J61, K37, O15)
Dustmann, Christian, and Joseph-Simon Görlach.
"The Economics of Temporary Migrations."
Journal of Economic Literature,
Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration