Understanding Productivity: Lessons from Longitudinal Microdata
Eric J. Bartelsman
Journal of Economic Literature
no. 3, September 2000
This paper reviews research that uses longitudinal microdata to document productivity movements and to examine factors behind productivity growth. The research explores the dispersion of productivity across firms and establishments, the persistence of productivity differentials, the consequences of entry and exit, and the contribution of resource reallocation across firms to aggregate productivity growth. The research also reveals important factors correlated with productivity growth, such as managerial ability, technology use, human capital, and regulation. The more advanced literature in the field has begun to address the more difficult questions of the causality between these factors and productivity growth.
Bartelsman, Eric, J., and Mark Doms.
"Understanding Productivity: Lessons from Longitudinal Microdata."
Journal of Economic Literature,
Production; Cost; Capital and Total Factor Productivity; Capacity