Assessing Affirmative Action
Journal of Economic Literature
no. 3, September 2000
Economic research provides extensive evidence regarding discrimination against women and minorities, and some evidence on the redistributive effects of affirmative action. However, it provides much less evidence on affirmative action's impact on efficiency or performance, perhaps the key economic issue in the debate over affirmative action. This review covers all of these issues, but focuses on the efficiency/performance question, drawing on economics and other disciplines. The evidence suggests to us that affirmative action can be implemented with relatively little efficiency loss. Most importantly, the empirical case against affirmative action on the grounds of efficiency is weak at best.
Holzer, Harry, and David Neumark.
"Assessing Affirmative Action."
Journal of Economic Literature,
Labor Discrimination: Public Policy
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination