We investigate whether racial discrimination in the form of biased
assessment of students is prevalent within Brazilian schools.
Evidence is drawn from unique administrative data pertaining to
eighth-grade students and educators. Holding constant performance
in blindly-scored tests of proficiency and behavioral traits we find
that blacks have lower teacher-assigned math grades than their white
classmates. Heterogeneity in differentials provides evidence both of
robustness with respect to omission biases and of compatibility with
predictions from models of statistical discrimination. (JEL I21, I24,
"Racial Discrimination in Grading: Evidence from Brazil."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Analysis of Education
Education and Inequality
Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration