Herbst argues that Africa is plagued by "state failure" to provide certain public goods in society, such as law and order, defense, contract enforcement, and infrastructure. Herbst has provided a bold, historically informed theoretical analysis, essential reading for economists interested in comparative institutions and development.
Robinson, James A..
2002."States and Power in Africa by Jeffrey I. Herbst: A Review Essay."Journal of Economic Literature,
40(2): 510-519.DOI: 10.1257/002205102320161357