This paper provides new estimates of the medium- and long-term
impacts of Head Start on health and behavioral problems. We identify
these impacts using discontinuities in the probability of participation
induced by program eligibility rules. Our strategy allows us to identify the effect of Head Start for the individuals in the neighborhoods of multiple discontinuities. Participation in the program reduces the incidence of behavioral problems, health problems, and obesity of male children at ages 12 and 13. It lowers depression and obesity among adolescents, and it reduces engagement in criminal activities and idleness for young adults.
Carneiro, Pedro, and Rita Ginja.
"Long-Term Impacts of Compensatory Preschool on Health and Behavior: Evidence from Head Start."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
National Government Expenditures and Education
Analysis of Education
Education and Inequality
Education: Government Policy
Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth