American Economic Journal: Economic Policy
no. 1, February 2023
We compare the effects of early childhood education on adult criminal behavior across time periods, using administrative crime data that provide significant precision advantages over existing work. We find that improvements in early childhood education led to large (20 percent) reductions in later criminal behavior, reductions that far exceed those implied by estimates of test score gains in prior studies. While the benefits generated account for a large portion of the costs of the education provided, we find substantial relative gains from the targeting of funds to high-poverty areas and areas without existing access to subsidized care.
Anders, John, Andrew C. Barr, and Alexander A. Smith.
"The Effect of Early Childhood Education on Adult Criminality: Evidence from the 1960s through 1990s."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
Analysis of Education
Returns to Education
Education: Government Policy
Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law