American Economic Journal: Economic Policy
no. 1, February 2023
We estimate the effect of a permanent income increase on the health outcomes of the elderly poor. Our regression discontinuity design exploits an eligibility cutoff in a Chilean basic pension program that grants monthly payments to retirees without a contributory pension. Using administrative data, we find that four years after applying, basic pension recipients are 2.7 percentage points less likely to have died. Survey evidence suggests an increase in food consumption and visits to health centers as relevant drivers of the mortality reduction.
Miglino, Enrico, Nicolás Navarrete H., Gonzalo Navarrete H., and Pablo Navarrete H.
"Health Effects of Increasing Income for the Elderly: Evidence from a Chilean Pension Program."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
Household Finance: Household Saving, Borrowing, Debt, and Wealth
Health and Inequality
Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-labor Market Discrimination
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration