Long-Term Contextual Effects in Education: Schools and Neighborhoods
AbstractThis paper estimates the long-term impact of growing up in better neighborhoods and attending better schools on educational attainment. First, I use a spatial regression-discontinuity design to estimate school effects. Second, I study students who move across neighborhoods in Montreal during childhood to estimate the causal effect of growing up in a better area (total exposure effects). I find large effects for both dimensions. Combining both research designs in a decomposition framework, and under key assumptions, I estimate that 50–70 percent of the benefits of moving to a better area on educational attainment are due to access to better schools.
CitationLaliberté, Jean-William. 2021. "Long-Term Contextual Effects in Education: Schools and Neighborhoods." American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 13 (2): 336-77. DOI: 10.1257/pol.20190257
- H75 State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
- I21 Analysis of Education
- R23 Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics