The rise of working mothers radically changed the US economy and the role of women in society. In one of the first studies of the 1975 introduction of the Earned Income Tax Credit, I find that this program increased maternal employment by 6 percent, representing 1 million mothers and an elasticity of 0.58. The EITC may help explain why the US has long had such a high fraction of working mothers despite few childcare subsidies or parental leave policies. I also find suggestive evidence that this influx of working mothers affected social attitudes and led to higher approval of working women.
"The Rise of Working Mothers and the 1975 Earned Income Tax Credit."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies; includes inheritance and gift taxes
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Time Allocation and Labor Supply
Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification