This paper examines the long-term direct and spillover effects of large-scale human capital loss caused by the persecution of Jewish professionals in Nazi Germany. Using region-by-cohort variation in the percentage of the Jewish population as a quasi-experiment, we find that German children who were at school-age during the persecutions have fewer years of schooling on average in adulthood. Moreover, these children are less likely to finish high school and go to college. These results are robust after controlling for regional unemployment and income per capita, wartime destruction, Nazi and Communist Party support, compulsory schooling reform, migration, urbanization, and mortality. (JEL I21, I28, J24, J44, N34, N44, Z12)
Akbulut-Yuksel, Mevlude, and Mutlu Yuksel.
"The Long-Term Direct and External Effects of Jewish Expulsions in Nazi Germany."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Analysis of Education
Education: Government Policy
Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
Professional Labor Markets; Occupational Licensing
Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: Europe: 1913-
Economic History: Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation: Europe: 1913-
Cultural Economics: Religion