The United States has negotiated bilateral open skies agreements to deregulate airline competition on US international routes, but little is known about their effects on travelers' welfare and the gains from the US negotiating agreements with more countries. We develop a model of international airline competition to estimate the effects of open skies agreements on fares and flight frequency. We find the agreements have generated at least $4 billion in annual gains to travelers and that travelers would gain an additional $4 billion if the US negotiated agreements with other countries that have a significant amount of international passenger traffic. (JEL D12, L11, L51, L93, L98)
Winston, Clifford, and Jia Yan.
"Open Skies: Estimating Travelers' Benefits from Free Trade in Airline Services."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
Economics of Regulation
Industry Studies: Utilities and Transportation: Government Policy