This paper provides an economic framework for examining how economic openness affects nationalism. Within a country, a region's level of nationalism varies according to its economic interests in its domestic market relative to its foreign market. All else being equal, increasing a region's foreign trade reduces its economic interests in its domestic market and thus weakens its nationalism. This prediction holds both cross-sectionally and over time, as evidenced by our empirical study using the Chinese Political Compass data and the World Value Surveys. Our framework also applies to analysis of nationalism across countries and receives support from cross-country data. (JEL F14, F52, O17, O19, P26, P33)
Lan, Xiaohuan, and Ben G. Li.
"The Economics of Nationalism."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Empirical Studies of Trade
National Security; Economic Nationalism
Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Political Economy; Property Rights
Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions: International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid