In producer-friendly economies—economies that are ruled by productive agents and have strong property rights institutions—international trade causes an institutional improvement and an aggregate shift of talent towards production, and away from socially
wasteful appropriation. However, in predator-friendly economies—economies that are ruled by rent seekers and have weak institutions—international trade leads to an institutional deterioration,
and a more unfavorable talent allocation. (JEL D72, F12, K11)
"Appropriation, Property Rights Institutions, and International Trade."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies