We investigate the impact of a large-scale Mexican program to
replace dirt floors with cement floors on child health and adult happiness.
We find that replacing dirt floors with cement significantly
improves the health of young children measured by decreases in the
incidence of parasitic infestations, diarrhea, and the prevalence of
anemia, and an improvement in children's cognitive development.
Additionally, we find significant improvements in adult welfare measured
by increased satisfaction with their housing and quality of life,
as well as by lower scores on depression and perceived stress scales.
(JEL I12, I31, J13, O15)
Cattaneo, Matias D., Sebastian Galiani, Paul J. Gertler, Sebastian Martinez, and Rocio Titiunik.
"Housing, Health, and Happiness."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration