Custom Elections and Local Policies: The Case of Canada's First Nations
- (pp. 238-42)
AbstractWe examine the effect of community-designed electoral codes on Canadian First Nation communities. Adopting a custom code for local elections allows for changes such as increasing term duration, creating appeal and supervisory bodies, and incorporating traditional governance elements. To reduce biases due to selective opt-in, we exploit the timing of the electoral reform and a rich set of controls. We find that bands using the custom systems pay lower remunerations to their chiefs, spend more on education and training and less on band development, and have better wastewater services but show no sizable differences in income, population, or employment.
CitationAragón, Fernando M., and Anke S. Kessler. 2021. "Custom Elections and Local Policies: The Case of Canada's First Nations." AEA Papers and Proceedings, 111: 238-42. DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20211100
- D72 Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
- J15 Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- R50 Regional Government Analysis: General
- H70 State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations: General