Learning by exporting refers to the mechanism whereby a firm's
performance improves after entering export markets. This mechanism is often mentioned in policy documents, but many econometric studies have not found corroborating evidence. I show that
the econometric methods rely on an assumption that productivity
evolves exogenously. I show how to accommodate endogenous productivity processes such as learning by exporting. I discuss the bias
introduced by ignoring such a process, and show that adjusting for
it can lead to different conclusions. Using micro data from Slovenia I find evidence of substantial productivity gains from entering
De Loecker, Jan.
"Detecting Learning by Exporting."
American Economic Journal: Microeconomics,
Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief
Empirical Studies of Trade
Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope