Some individuals vote because they are motivated by a civic duty to
do so, whereas others may vote because they wish to appear prosocial
to others. This paper proposes a simple framework that captures
these motivations, and provides results consistent with findings
on turnout, e.g., that turnout is responsive to the expected closeness
and importance of an election, to the observability of one's choice
to vote, and to social rewards and punishments associated with voting.
We study various extensions of this framework in which community
monitoring plays a role, and explore the implications that voter
mobilization has for electoral competition. (JEL D03, D72)
"Why People Vote: Ethical Motives and Social Incentives."
American Economic Journal: Microeconomics,
Behavioral Economics: Underlying Principles
Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior