Recent literature on testing experts shows that it is often impossible to determine whether an expert knows the stochastic process that generates data. Despite this negative result, we show that there often exist contracts that allow a decision maker to attain the first-best payoff without learning the expert's type. This kind of full-surplus
extraction is always possible in infinite-horizon models in which future payoffs are not discounted. If future payoffs are discounted (but the discount factor tends to 1), the possibility of full-surplus extraction depends on a constraint involving the forecasting technology. (JEL D82)
Olszewski, Wojciech, and Marcin Pęski.
"The Principal-Agent Approach to Testing Experts."
American Economic Journal: Microeconomics,
Asymmetric and Private Information