American Economic Journal: Microeconomics
no. 4, November 2023
We consider the single-sector version of the Melitz-Ottaviano model of monopolistic competition with heterogeneous firms. We characterize the first-best and market allocations. We find that the market provides the first-best level of entry but too little selection; hence, the market provides too many varieties and too little aggregate quantity, and allocates too little (much) production to low (high) cost realizations. Allowing for a broad family of quantity allocation functions, we establish sufficient conditions for the global optimality of the first-best solution. Several important extensions are also examined.
Bagwell, Kyle, and Seung Hoon Lee.
"Monopolistic Competition and Efficiency under Firm Heterogeneity and Nonadditive Preferences."
American Economic Journal: Microeconomics,
Firm Behavior: Theory
Market Structure, Pricing, and Design: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: General
Welfare Economics: General