This paper analyzes Thailand's 2001 healthcare reform, "30 Baht."
The program increased funding available to hospitals to care for
the poor and reduced copays to 30 Baht (~$0.75). Our estimates
suggest the supply-side funding of the program increased healthcare
utilization, especially among the poor. Moreover, we find significant
impacts on infant mortality. Prior to 30 Baht, poorer provinces had
significantly higher infant mortality rates than richer provinces.
After 30 Baht, this correlation evaporates to zero. The results suggest
that increased access to healthcare among the poor can significantly
reduce their infant mortality rates.
Gruber, Jonathan, Nathaniel Hendren, and Robert M. Townsend.
"The Great Equalizer: Health Care Access and Infant Mortality in Thailand."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
National Government Expenditures and Health
Health Insurance, Public and Private
Health and Inequality
Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration