Previous research has not always found that boys and girls are treated
differently in rural India. However estimates of the effect of gender on
parental investments could be biased if girls end up in larger families
due to son-biased stopping rules. Using a novel identification strategy
that exploits that gender at conception is random, we document that
boys receive more childcare time than girls, they are breastfed longer
and they get more vitamin supplementation. Compared to other
developing countries, boys have an advantage in height and weight
relative to girls. Neither greater needs nor anticipated family size
explain the results.
Barcellos, Silvia Helena, Leandro S. Carvalho, and Adriana Lleras-Muney.
"Child Gender and Parental Investments in India: Are Boys and Girls Treated Differently?"
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration