We use the introduction of a means-tested voucher program in Florida
to examine whether increased competitive pressure on public schools
affects students' test scores. We find greater score improvements in
the wake of the program introduction for students attending schools
that faced more competitive private school markets prior to the policy
announcement, especially those that faced the greatest financial
incentives to retain students. These effects suggest modest benefits
for public school students from increased competition. The effects
are consistent across several geocoded measures of competition and
isolate competitive effects from changes in student composition or
resource levels in public schools.
Figlio, David, and Cassandra M. D. Hart.
"Competitive Effects of Means-Tested School Vouchers."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
Analysis of Education
Educational Finance; Financial Aid
Education: Government Policy