Computers are an important part of modern education, yet many
schoolchildren lack access to a computer at home. We test whether this
impedes educational achievement by conducting the largest-ever field
experiment that randomly provides free home computers to students.
Although computer ownership and use increased substantially,
we find no effects on any educational outcomes, including grades,
test scores, credits earned, attendance, and disciplinary actions.
Our estimates are precise enough to rule out even modestly-sized
positive or negative impacts. The estimated null effect is consistent
with survey evidence showing no change in homework time or other
"intermediate" inputs in education.
Fairlie, Robert W., and Jonathan Robinson.
"Experimental Evidence on the Effects of Home Computers on Academic Achievement among Schoolchildren."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Analysis of Education
Education and Inequality
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth