This paper explores the importance of the home and school environments in explaining the gender gap in disruptive behavior. We
document large differences in the gender gap across key features of
the home environment -- boys do especially poorly in broken families.
In contrast, we find little impact of the early school environment on
noncognitive gaps. Differences in endowments explain a small part
of boys' noncognitive deficit in single-mother families. More importantly, noncognitive returns to parental inputs differ markedly by
gender. Broken families are associated with worse parental inputs,
and boys' noncognitive development, unlike that of girls', appears
extremely responsive to such inputs. (JEL I21, J12, J13, J16, Z13)
"The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Analysis of Education
Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification