We examine the impact of the Kenyan Free Primary Education program on student participation, sorting, and achievement on the primary school exit examination. Exploiting variation in pre-program dropout rates between districts, we find that the program increased the number of students who completed primary school, spurred private school entry, and increased access for students from disadvantaged
backgrounds. We argue that the program was welfare enhancing as it promoted educational access without substantially
reducing the test scores of students who would have been in school in the absence of the program. (JEL H52, I21, I28, O15)
Lucas, Adrienne M., and Isaac M. Mbiti.
"Access, Sorting, and Achievement: The Short-Run Effects of Free Primary Education in Kenya."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
National Government Expenditures and Education
Analysis of Education
Education: Government Policy
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration