Between 1973 and 2003, abortion providers in the United States were the targets of over 300 acts of extreme violence. Using unique data on attacks and on abortions, abortion providers, and births, we examine how anti-abortion violence has affected providers' decisions to perform abortions and women's decisions about whether and where to terminate a pregnancy. We find that clinic violence
reduces abortion services in targeted areas. Once travel is taken into account, however, the overall effect of the violence is much smaller. (JEL I11, J13, K42)
Jacobson, Mireille, and Heather Royer.
"Aftershocks: The Impact of Clinic Violence on Abortion Services."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Analysis of Health Care Markets
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law