American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
no. 4, October 2023
We study the effects of state hospital regulations intended to increase breastfeeding by requiring certain standards of care during the immediate postpartum hospital stay. We find that these regulations significantly increased breastfeeding initiation by 3.8 percentage points (5.1 percent) and the probability of breastfeeding at 3 and 6 months postpartum by approximately 7 percent. We also provide evidence that these breastfeeding-promoting policies significantly increased maternal time spent on child care, crowding out time spent on formal work. Observed reductions in employment are concentrated among mothers with infants between zero and three months of age.
Lawler, Emily C., and Katherine G. Yewell.
"The Effect of Hospital Postpartum Care Regulations on Breastfeeding and Maternal Time Allocation."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
Analysis of Health Care Markets
Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Time Allocation and Labor Supply