American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
no. 1, January 2023
This paper exploits the idiosyncratic line of contact separating Allied and Soviet troops within East Germany at the end of WWII to study political resistance in a non-democracy. When Nazi Germany surrendered, 40 percent of what would become the authoritarian German Democratic Republic was initially under Allied control but was ceded to Soviet control less than two months later. Brief Allied exposure increased protests during the major 1953 uprising. We use novel data on the appointment of local mayors and a retrospective survey to argue that even a "glimpse of freedom" can foster civilian opposition to dictatorship.
Martinez, Luis R. ⓡ Jonas Jessen ⓡ Guo Xu.
"A Glimpse of Freedom: Allied Occupation and Political Resistance in East Germany."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
Economic History: Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation: Europe: 1913-
Capitalist Institutions; Welfare State