The Effects of DNA Databases on the Deterrence and Detection of Offenders
AbstractThis paper studies the effects of adding criminal offenders to a DNA database. Using a large expansion of Denmark's DNA database, we find that DNA registration reduces recidivism within the following year by up to 42 percent. It also increases the probability that offenders are identified if they recidivate, which we use to estimate the elasticity of crime with respect to the detection probability and find that a 1 percent higher detection probability reduces crime by more than 2 percent. We also find that DNA registration increases the likelihood that offenders find employment, enroll in education, and live in a more stable family environment.
CitationAnker, Anne Sofie Tegner, Jennifer L. Doleac, and Rasmus Landersø. 2021. "The Effects of DNA Databases on the Deterrence and Detection of Offenders." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 13 (4): 194-225. DOI: 10.1257/app.20190207
- J22 Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- J24 Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- K42 Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law