American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
no. 4, October 2022
We estimate the effect on recidivism of replacing time served in a common closed-cell prison with time served in an open-cell one. We deal with the endogenous assignment of inmates to different prison regimes using variation that is driven by nearby prisons' overcrowding. Switching regimes for a year reduces recidivism by around 6 percentage points. The effects are largest for inmates with low levels of education and are weak for violent and hardened criminals.
Mastrobuoni, Giovanni, and Daniele Terlizzese.
"Leave the Door Open? Prison Conditions and Recidivism."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law