This paper presents results from a large-scale randomized evaluation of the One Laptop per Child program, using data collected after 15 months of implementation in 318 primary schools in rural Peru. The program increased the ratio of computers per student from 0.12 to 1.18 in treatment schools. This expansion in access translated into substantial increases in use of computers both at school and at home. No evidence is found of effects on test scores in math and language. There is some evidence, though inconclusive, about positive effects on general cognitive skills.
Cristia, Julian, Pablo Ibarrarán, Santiago Cueto, Ana Santiago, and Eugenio Severín.
"Technology and Child Development: Evidence from the One Laptop per Child Program."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
National Government Expenditures and Education
Analysis of Education
Education and Inequality
Education: Government Policy
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration