Education and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment
AbstractWe examine the effects on mortality and health due to a major Swedish educational reform that increased the years of compulsory schooling. Using the gradual phase-in of the reform between 1949 and 1962 across municipalities, we estimate insignificant effects of the reform on mortality in the affected cohort. From the confidence intervals, we can rule out effects larger than 1–1.4 months of increased life expectancy. We find no significant impacts on mortality for individuals of low socioeconomic status backgrounds, on deaths that are more likely to be affected by behavior, on hospitalizations, and consumption of prescribed drugs.
CitationMeghir, Costas, Mårten Palme, and Emilia Simeonova. 2018. "Education and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 10 (2): 234-56. DOI: 10.1257/app.20150365
- H52 National Government Expenditures and Education
- I12 Health Behavior
- I21 Analysis of Education
- I28 Education: Government Policy