This paper provides new evidence on the long-term benefits of Head
Start using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. I compare
siblings who differ in their participation in the program, controlling
for a variety of pre-treatment covariates. I estimate that Head Start
participants gain 0.23 standard deviations on a summary index of
young adult outcomes. This closes one-third of the gap between children
with median and bottom quartile family income, and is about
80 percent as large as model programs such as Perry Preschool. The
long-term impact for disadvantaged children is large despite "fadeout"
of test score gains. (JEL H52, J13, I28, I38)
"Early Childhood Intervention and Life-Cycle Skill Development: Evidence from Head Start."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
National Government Expenditures and Education
Education: Government Policy
Welfare and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth