This paper reports on an experimental evaluation of strategies
designed to improve academic performance among college freshmen.
One treatment group was offered academic support services. Another
was offered financial incentives for good grades. A third group combined
both interventions. Service use was highest for women and for
subjects in the combined group. The combined treatment also raised
the grades and improved the academic standing of women. These differentials
persisted through the end of second year, though incentives
were given in the first year only. This suggests study skills among some
treated women increased. In contrast, the program had no effect on
men. (JEL I21, I28)
Angrist, Joshua, Daniel Lang, and Philip Oreopoulos.
"Incentives and Services for College Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Trial."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Analysis of Education
Education: Government Policy