Devotion and Development: Religiosity, Education, and Economic Progress in Nineteenth-Century France
AbstractThis paper studies when religion can hamper diffusion of knowledge and economic development, and through which mechanism. I examine Catholicism in France during the Second Industrial Revolution (1870–1914). In this period, technology became skill-intensive, leading to the introduction of technical education in primary schools. I find that more religious locations had lower economic development after 1870. Schooling appears to be the key mechanism: more religious areas saw a slower adoption of the technical curriculum and a push for religious education. In turn, religious education was negatively associated with industrial development 10 to 15 years later, when schoolchildren entered the labor market.
CitationSquicciarini, Mara P. 2020. "Devotion and Development: Religiosity, Education, and Economic Progress in Nineteenth-Century France." American Economic Review, 110 (11): 3454-91. DOI: 10.1257/aer.20191054
- D83 Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
- I21 Analysis of Education
- I26 Returns to Education
- N33 Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: Europe: Pre-1913
- Z12 Cultural Economics: Religion